Arctic Finland

Arctic Finland

Arctic Finland can be defined as the area north of “66° 33′ 44″ , which is the parallel latitude of the Arctic circle.   North Finland region is called Lapland, it covers an total area of  98,984 square kilometers. There are two common names used to describe the terrain in the Arctic Finland:

  • Tundra (tree less fells).
  • Taiga (areas and fells with rich tree cover).

Tundra name describes the environment vegetation of the small and the large hills which are also called Fells, as well as the relatively big mountains (800+ meters from base) that also called fells,  that are usually bare of any significant tree growth.  The vegetation on the ground can be very lush in areas where there are natural springs and rich soils, with swamps, beet bogs and moss.  Other areas the hills and small mountains can be very rocky, eroding with only small shrubs, grasses and wild flowers  that grow during the short summer months.  Arctic Finland  area differs a lot from the environment of the south, east and west Finland, the south, east and west Finland  in most part is generally flat with lots of lakes, ridges, creeks, rivers and swamps.  The environment towards the north gradually starts to get more of the adulating hills and fells, and towards the border of Norway the fells are more like the extreme steep jaw dropping cliff mountains.  The highest altitude fell in the Arctic Finland is  called Halti fell, in Finnish called “Haltitunturi”. In the northern Sami language called “Háldi”,  in the Swedish language called “Haldefjäll”.  It is the highest fell inside the Finland borders at 1,324 meters (4,344 ft) above sea level.    Halti fell is located on the North West point of Finland very close to the border with Norway.   Coordinates     69°18′28″N 21°16′20″E.

The map showing below is from Wikipedia maps.

arctic circle

arctic finland

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