Climate change can trigger unprecedented mass migration
Climate change can trigger unprecedented mass migration because of Global warming, which is happening due to changes in climate, which in turn can affect mankind in numerous ways. It has a large impact on different aspects on the life of humans, and migration pattern is one of these. Recent studies have predicted mass migration due to climate change. A World Bank study has found that hundreds of millions would be forced to migrate by the end of this century. Read on and find out how changes in climatic patterns and global warming can trigger unprecedented mass migration.
Rise in sea levels
In the last 100 years, sea water rising has been alarming. The level of sea water has gone up by as much as around 11 inches. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has stated that 44% of the global population stays within a radius of 90 miles of a coastline. Even a rise of a few inches can have a considerable impact on the human population in densely populated cities like Shanghai and New York. This would compel people to move away from the coastline.
Changes in rainfall patterns are already making themselves evident in flooding. In the delta farming areas, flood would make agriculture impossible with time. Frequent floods would reduce the amount of agrarian land, and make the soil too saline to be livable. This would lead to desertification, consequently resulting in a drought – causing more shortage of water and food. There would be forced evacuation due to flooding as a result.
Flooding, as discussed earlier, would reduce agricultural land, may cause the increase in land salinity (infertile land), and lead to the loss of inhabitable land. On the other hand, would lead to a drought, which would, in turn, lead to food and water shortage. Both these situations would lead to the migration of people from that area to other parts of the world that do not face the same conditions.
Melting of ice caps
Melting ice caps would result in flooding of adjoining areas, as well as mudslides and avalanches resulting from the thawing of glacier. Arctic sea ice melting would result in the rise of sea levels and greatly damage human settlements nearby. Given that most agrarian lands are located along river banks, flooding of river would reduce and destroy cultivated land and ruin livelihood for many people. This would have direct impact on aquaculture, small-scale fishing, hydroelectric power generation and crop production.
Climate change can trigger unprecedented mass migration is not the only cause, there are also natural rain water and flooding, volcanic eruptions, seismic activity, storms and hurricanes can also result in widespread damage and forced migration of millions of people. To learn more about the Arctic region visit website http://arcticonice.com for more valuable information. Thank you for visiting www.arcticfinland.net website.